Secunderabad and Charminar:
Secunderabad, part of twin city, was formerly known as ‘Lashkar’ to many old generation people in the city.’ Lashkar’ meaning ‘cantonment’ was renamed as ‘Secunderabad’ after Sikander Jah Bahadur Nizam– III in 1806.
Secunderbad was also called the Residency Bazaar at the end of the 19th century. It was also developed to house British soldiers. In the early decade of the 19th century, the East India Company had declared Secunderabad as an important military base and a trading centre. Secunderabad is the abode for Secunderabad Railway Station, Head Quarters for South Central Railways, Parade Grounds and many churches. Kings Way, now Rashtrapathi Road (laid out in 1936 to relieve congestion), James street (only existing through fare before 1936 AD), now called the Mahatma Gandhi Road are part of this great locality.
Charminar, synonymous of Hyderabad, is the edifice of the four minarets. The awesome rectangular structure built upon four grand arches by Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah in 1590-91 is the legendary masterpiece in the city. Because of this historical monument Char (means four) Minar (means minaret) the area round it gets its name from this great landmark.
Originally it was called Mankal. Mohammed Shah Bahmani of Gulbarga named the fort Mohamadnagar. Golconda, one of the most impressive fortresses in ruins in India, is probably 2000 years old. It was a picturesque city with big gardens, broad through fares and shops. That was the reason why the famous historian Farishta observed Golconda as an International marketplace where merchants converged form
Turkestan, Arabia and Persia. Two of the world renowned diamonds the ‘Koh-i-noor’ (weighed 787 carats, now 106 carats, it was valued at one million sterling at that time, is now found its place in the Imperial Regalia of British) and the so called Nizam’s diamond, both trace their origin to this place.(Contd…Part-4)